I have the same problem. My drivers don't support a version higher than 2.0 for OpenGL.
Ps: Processor: Pentium(R) Dual-Core CPU E6300 @ 2.80GHz × 2
GPU (integrated): Intel Corporation 82G33/G31 Express Integrated Graphics
-I tried executing the command you published wimbatstampede, and it still gave me the error. I installed godot, both from apt (godot 3.0) and snap (godot 3.1) and both didn't work. It probably is because godot 3 or higher, don't support old drivers anymore, due to the 3D part of the engine. Which is sad. If any solution found, please help me, Iam really stuck.